在 Mac OS X 上为 Django 安装 MySQL-python 1.2.2

K*K posted @ Wed, 17 Sep 2008 08:22:00 +0800 in 技术 with tags django osx mac mysql python , 5946 readers
在 Mac OS X 上安装 MySQL-python 花了一点点功夫, 记一下:

先去 Sun 网站上下载最新版本的 MySQL, 再去 djangoproject.org 上下载最新版本的 Django 1.0 release, 并且正常安装.

然后用 easyinstall mysql-python, 发现无法正常安装.

查看 easyinstall 的下载路径, 用下面的命令下载并且解压缩

$ cd /tmp
$ curl -o MySQL-python-1.2.2.tar.gz http://internap.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/mysql-python/MySQL-python-1.2.2.tar.gz
$ tar xvf MySQL-python-1.2.2.tar.gz
$ cd MySQL-python-1.2.2

然后修改 site.cfg, 修改下面内容:

#mysql_config = /usr/local/bin/mysql_config

改成
mysql_config = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config

否则会出现找不到 MySQL config 的问题:
...
  File "/tmp/easy_install-nHSsgl/MySQL-python-1.2.2/setup_posix.py", line 24, in mysql_config
EnvironmentError: mysql_config not found


然后修改 _mysql.c, 把第 37 到 39 行注释掉, 如下:
//#ifndef uint
//#define uint unsigned int
//#endif

否则会出现:
In file included from /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql.h:47,
                 from _mysql.c:40:
/usr/include/sys/types.h:92: error: duplicate 'unsigned'
/usr/include/sys/types.h:92: error: two or more data types in declaration specifiers
error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

然后再用 python ./setup.py build 编译
$ python ./setup.py build
running build
running build_py
copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/MySQLdb
running build_ext
building '_mysql' extension
gcc -fno-strict-aliasing -Wno-long-double -no-cpp-precomp -mno-fused-madd -fno-common -dynamic -DNDEBUG -g -Os -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -DMACOSX -I/usr/include/ffi -DENABLE_DTRACE -pipe -Dversion_info=(1,2,2,'final',0) -D__version__=1.2.2 -I/usr/local/mysql/include -I/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.5/include/python2.5 -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql.o -g -Os -arch i386 -fno-common -D_P1003_1B_VISIBLE -DSIGNAL_WITH_VIO_CLOSE -DSIGNALS_DONT_BREAK_READ -DIGNORE_SIGHUP_SIGQUIT
gcc -Wl,-F. -bundle -undefined dynamic_lookup -arch i386 -arch ppc build/temp.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql.o -L/usr/local/mysql/lib -lmysqlclient_r -lz -lm -lmygcc -o build/lib.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql.so
ld: warning in build/temp.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql.o, file is not of required architecture
ld: warning in /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient_r.dylib, file is not of required architecture
ld: warning in /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmygcc.a, file is not of required architecture

然后再用 python ./setup.py install 安装
$ sudo python ./setup.py install
Password:
running install
running bdist_egg
running egg_info
writing MySQL_python.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing top-level names to MySQL_python.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing dependency_links to MySQL_python.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
reading manifest file 'MySQL_python.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
reading manifest template 'MANIFEST.in'
writing manifest file 'MySQL_python.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
installing library code to build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg
running install_lib
running build_py
copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/MySQLdb
running build_ext
creating build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386
creating build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg
copying build/lib.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql.so -> build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg
copying build/lib.macosx-10.5-i386-2.5/_mysql_exceptions.py -> build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg
creating build/bdist.macosx-10.5-i386/egg/MySQLdb
...

然后用下面的命令进行测试:
$ cd ~
$ python
Python 2.5.1 (r251:54863, Apr 15 2008, 22:57:26) 
[GCC 4.0.1 (Apple Inc. build 5465)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import MySQLdb
>>> MySQLdb.apilevel
'2.0'
>>> import django
>>> print django.VERSION
(1, 0, 'final')


如果能正常输出就没有问题了 :-)

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